KRAM DATED NOVEMBER 12, 1997
King of Cambodia,
upon the proposal of the two Prime Ministers and the Ministers of Health;
the Law on Abortion adopted by the National Assembly on October 6 , 1997 during the 8th Session of the First Legislature, the text of which is as follows:
This Kram has an objective to determine procedures and conditions for abortion.
" Abortion", means a termination of a fetus by medicinal or any other method.
Pregnant women may ask medical doctors to abort them, after they have completed the conditions as stated in the article 8 of this Kram.
In any case, it is required to have a proposal or consent from the concerned woman who has the fetus, for abortion.
Only medical doctors, medium medical practitioners or midwives who received authorization from the Ministry of Public Health may perform the abortion.
PROCEDURES AND CONDITIONS FOR ABORTION
Abortion may be carried out only inside a hospital, health center, public or private clinic or maternity which is authorized by Ministry of Public Health. All abortion services authorized by the Ministry of Public Health shall be required to have:
A medical doctor, medium medical practitioner or mid-wife who has duty to carry out an abortion, shall give advice to the pregnant woman who is the mother and who is seeking for abortion of a danger which may eventually occur from abortion and of the advantages of child spacing.
If such woman who is the mother still insist to ask for abortion, the doctor, medium medical practitioner or mid-wife may then carry out the abortion, but shall still remain under the conditions as stated in the article 8 of this Kram.
Abortion may only be carried out for those fetuses that are under 12 weeks old. If the fetuses are over 12 weeks old, they may be authorized to be aborted only if after a diagnosis it is found out that:
Decision on this above matter, requires an approval from a group of 2 to 3 doctors and also a consent from the concerned person. Technical conditions for application of this article shall be determined by a Proclamation ( Prakas) of the Ministry of Health.
All documents relating to abortion, shall be kept confidential, and may be provided to the concerned person or court only after there is a written request.
Those services which received authorization from the Ministry of Health as places for carrying out abortion as stated in the article 6 of this Kram, shall keep file of the documents on each abortion case properly and shall regularly submit monthly reports to the Ministry of Health stating of the number of abortions and the means of such abortions.
The control/inspection of abortion shall be the competence of the Ministry of Public Health.
Any person who violates the articles 5 and 6 of this Kram, shall be subject to one of the punishments as stipulated hereunder:
In case of repeated offenses, shall be ceased from function, or shall result in a closure of the clinic or maternity, without taking into account yet of a criminal punishment which may due, as bellows:
A medical doctor, medium medical practitioner or mid-wife who got authorization to carry out abortion and who disrespects any of the conditions as stated under the article 8 of this Kram, shall be subject to deprivation of his/her letter of authorization which was issued by the Ministry of Public Health, without taking into account yet of the criminal punishment which may due, as stated under the article 12 of this Kram.
Except only in serious cases, where the pregnant woman needs to have an emergency operation, the medicinal method shall be applied and be responsible before the law.
Any person who compels a woman to have an abortion or causes her an abortion, shall be punished from 1(one) to 5 (five) years in prison. If such compulsion of the pregnant woman to have an abortion or which causes her an abortion which resulted in a chronic disease, disability or death, shall be subject punishment from 5 (five) to 10 (ten) years in prison.
Any person who violates the article 9 of this Kram, shall be subject to a punishment as hereunder:
Those provisions which are contrary to this Kram shall be hereby abrogated.
This Kram is passed by the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Cambodia, on October 6, 1997, during its 8th Ordinary Session of the 1st Legislature.
Phnom Penh, October 9, 1997.
President of the National Assembly,