KRAM DATED OCTOBER 9, 1996

ON NATIONALITY

We,

Preah Bat Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk Varman,

King Of the Kingdom of Cambodia,

 

Following the proposals of their Samdechs the two Prime Ministers and the Co-Ministers of Interior.

Promulgate:

The Law on Nationality which was adopted by the National Assembly on 20 August 1996, during the Extra-Ordinary Session of its 1st Legislature, which has its full substance as follows:

CHAPTER I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1:

This law has an objective to determine the Khmer nationality/ citizenship for those persons who fulfil the conditions under this law and who are living on the territory of the Kingdom of Cambodia or abroad.

Article 2:

Any person who has Khmer nationality/citizenship, is a Khmer citizen.

Khmer citizen shall not be deprived of nationality, exiled or extradited to any foreign country, unless upon there is mutual agreement.

Article 3:

Khmer citizens who are living in foreign countries, shall:

CHAPTER II

KHMER NATIONALITY/CITIZENSHIP BY BIRTH

Article 4:

1- shall obtain Khmer nationality/citizenship regardless of the place of birth for:

2- shall obtain Khmer nationality/citizenship, by having been born in the Kingdom of Cambodia:

CHAPTER III

KHMER NATIONALITY/CITIZENSHIP BY MARRIAGE

Article 5:

A foreign man or woman that marries a Khmer wife or husband may demand Khmer nationality/citizenship only if such man and women have been living together for a period of three (3) years, after registration of a marriage certificate.

A formality and procedure for the demand of Khmer nationality/citizenship, shall be determined by anukret.

The grant of Khmer nationality/citizenship following the case of demand for it, shall be decided by kret.

Article 6:

Khmer citizens shall not lose their Khmer nationality/ citizenship because of they got married with foreigners.

CHAPTER IV

NATURALIZATION

Article 7:

Foreigners may apply for Khmer nationality/citizenship through naturalization.

Naturalization is not a right of the applicant, but only a favor of the Kingdom of Cambodia. In any case, such application may also be rejected by a discretionary power.

Article 8:

A foreigner who may apply for naturalization shall fulfil the following conditions:

  1. shall have a paper certifying that he/she has good behavior and moral conduct issued by the chief of the commune (Khum) or quarter (Sangkat) of his/her own residence.
  2. shall have a letter of certification of the past criminal record that stated that he/she had never been convicted for any criminal offence before.
  3. shall have a paper certifying that such person has his/her residence in the Kingdom of Cambodia and who has been living continuously for seven (7) years from the date of reception of a residence card that was issued under framework of the Law on Immigration.
  4. shall have residence in the Kingdom of Cambodia at the time when he/she is applying for naturalization.
  5. shall be able to speak Khmer, know Khmer scripts and has some knowledge of Khmer history, and prove clear evidence that he/she can live in harmony in Khmer society as well as can get used to good Khmer custom and tradition.
  6. shall have his/her mentality and physical aptitude which will cause neither danger nor burden to the nation.

Article 9:

For any foreigner who is born in the Kingdom of Cambodia, the 7 years period of continuously living as stated in the sub-para 3 of the article 8 of this law, shall instead be decreased to 3 years.

Article 10:

For any foreigner who had received a letter of authorization for investment from the Cambodian Development Council (CDC.) and who had implemented concretely the actual project cost by spending an initial capital of from 1,250,000,000 riels and up, the period of living as stated in the sub-para. 3 of the article 8 of this law, shall be exempted.

Article 11:

For any foreigner who has no letter of authorization for investment from the Cambodian Development Council (CDC.), but who had received authorization for investment legitimately from the Royal Government and who had spent initial capital of from 1,250,000,000 riels and up, the period of living as stated in the sub-para 3 of the article 8 of this law, shall be exempted.

Article 12:

Any foreigner who has made a donation in cash, to the national budget of from 1,000,000,000 riels or more, for the interest of restoration and rebuilding of economy of the Kingdom of Cambodia, may have right to file an application for Khmer nationality, in case when upon he/she has fulfilled the conditions as stated in the sub-paragraphs 1, 2, 5 and 6 of the article 8 of this law.

Article 13:

A foreigner who has shown evidence that he/she had offered any special merit or achievement for the interest of the Kingdom of Cambodia, may file an application for Khmer nationality and with no need to fulfil the conditions as stated in the sub-para.3 of the article 8 of this law.

Article 14:

A foreigner who has a spouse or child/children of under 18 years of age, who also intend(s) to apply for Khmer nationality/ citizenship, may file an application for naturalization in term as a family as a whole.

A family consists of a husband, wife and child/children under 18 years of age.

Article 15:

A foreigner may apply to change to a Khmer name. In such case, he/she shall specify such name in writing in his/her application for naturalization.

Article 16:

Naturalization, which is granted to any person, shall be decided by a kret.

The formality and procedure for applying for naturalization, shall be determined by an anukret.

Article 17:

Those who got authorization to acquire Khmer nationality, shall take an oath before the Supreme Court.

The substance of this above oath will be provided for in an anukret.

CHAPTER 5

LOSS OF KHMER NATIONALITY

Article 18:

Any person who has Khmer nationality and who is at least 18 years old, may request without coercion to renounce his/her Khmer nationality, if upon such person has got another nationality.

Procedure and conditions for requesting the renunciation of nationality, shall be determined by an anukret.

CHAPTER 6

PENALTIES

Article 19 :

Only those persons of Khmer nationality, may have right to receive and hold identity cards of Khmer nationality and passports of the Kingdom of Cambodia.

Article 20:

Any foreigner who holds or uses identity card of Khmer nationality or passports of the Kingdom of Cambodia, shall be punished to imprisonment from 5 (five) years to 10 (ten) years.

Article 21:

Any person who fakes, scratches to erase, rewrite over or lends to someone or write a falsified name on the identity card of Khmer nationality or passport of the Kingdom of Cambodia or who uses these documents, shall be punished to imprisonment from 5 (five) to 10 (ten) years.

Article 22:

Any official or government agent or any person who conspires, helps dissimulating or provides identity card of Khmer nationality or passport to any person who has no Khmer nationality/ citizenship, shall be subject to the same punishment term as of the case of a person who is illegally holding the identity card of Khmer nationality or passport as stated in the article 20 and 21 of this law.

CHAPTER 7

FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 23:

Any provisions which is contrary to this law, shall be hereby repealed./.

 

Made in the Royal Capital City of Phnom Penh, on October 9, 1996.

Signed by HM. the King Norodom Sihanouk.

This is to be submitted for the signature

of HM the King,

1st Prime Minister,

Norodom Ranariddh

2nd Prime Minister,

Hun Sen

This is to be submitted for the knowledge of their Samdechs the 1st and 2nd Prime Ministers,

The Co-Ministers of Interior,

You Hoc Kry

Sar Kheng