Achievement of local democracy
the implementation of decentralization policy by delegating
some power to the commune council, the commune councils
made remarkable achievements for instance the elaboration
of 5 years development plan and are in the process
of implementing it step by step although some difficulties
have been encountered.
Hor Sophal, commune chief of Boeung Pruol, Tbaung
Khmum District, Kampong Cham province, said in the
implementation of the development plan, the commune
restored 350 meters of irrigation canal and dikes,
dug wells and put the repair of road as its priority.
As the region is flooded during the raining season
and does not have enough water during the dry season,
the commune requested the assistance from the Hydraulic
and Meteorology Ministry to dig the canal more deeper
to keep it as water tank for dry season plantation.
The commune expects the project can be commenced next
year which will improve the living conditions of the
population in the areas.
the educational field, the commune plans to build
2 buildings with 6 classrooms. In the agricultural
field, it will look for a high productivity rice seed
for exportation and organize a veterinary team to
vaccinate the animals. The commune will hold meetings
at the population's house to teach them about gender
the meantime, the commune also faces difficulties
in performing their duty. Due to the natural disaster,
the population cannot plant rice or other subsidiary
plantations such as corn, tobacco, sesame, that make
impossible to the commune to generate any revenue
except the one provided by the government. The capacity
of the commune council members is limited and requires
more training on management, laws, problem solving
and reconciliation procedures.
its assistance to build the capacity of the commune
councils, the Khmer Institute of Democracy included
the commune among its target group to consolidate
the implementation of decentralization policy. In
June 2003, the Institute carried out workshops on
democracy and human rights for the population, village
chiefs and council members in the commune totaling
120 persons and 6 villages.
the implementation of the local democracy, the commune
chief thinks it is a good decision because all activities
of the commune council are transparent, the population
participate in all activities of the commune such
as the elaboration of development plan, its financial
contribution, its constructive suggestions for the
development of the commune thus making the population
to feel happy with the administration of the commune
council which serves the real interest of the population.